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2021 yearly report

With the Covid-19 restrictions being lifted and the increased demand for energy emissions are increasing again. Denmark, Germany and United Kingdom registered the highest increase in CO2 emissions per kWh compared with 2020.

A fairer comparison would be between 2021 and 2019, and in that case only Denmark had a significant increase in emissions.

Coal is also back on the menu for some countries, Denmark and Netherlands being the two countries with the biggest increase in coal usage, even when comparing between 2021 and 2019. Other countries keep reducing their coal usage with Portugal phasing out their last coal power plant.

Electricity production from renewable sources also went down. 2021 was a year with less wind and rain in most of Europe. Only solar, biomass and hydro storage had increased output compared with 2020.

Aggregated production by energy source for 2021

The following table is an aggregated comparison between 2021 and the previous year for the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom

Energy sourceRenewableProduction 2020Production 2021
Biomass101.5 TWh (3.8%)102.5 TWh (3.8%)
Geothermal5.6 TWh (0.2%)4.8 TWh (0.2%)
Hydro452.1 TWh (16.5%)430.7 TWh (15.8%)
Hydro Storage36.2 TWh (1.3%)38.2 TWh (1.4%)
Solar131.6 TWh (4.9%)137.1 TWh (5.1%)
Wind338.7 TWh (12.4%)322.7 TWh (11.8%)
Wind (Offshore)70.3 TWh (2.6%)68.3 TWh (2.5%)
Coal162.8 TWh (6.1%)198.8 TWh (7.2%)
Coal (Lignite)157.0 TWh (5.7%)180.2 TWh (6.6%)
Gas503.4 TWh (18.4%)461.5 TWh (16.9%)
Nuclear676.4 TWh (24.8%)719.6 TWh (26.2%)
Oil11.7 TWh (0.4%)10.6 TWh (0.4%)
Other66.0 TWh (2.4%)38.4 TWh (1.4%)
Waste14.6 TWh (0.5%)15.3 TWh (0.7%)
Total production and percentage in energy mix for each energy type, per year.
42% renewable
2,727.9 TWh
40% renewable
2,743.6 TWh

Other annual reports